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Surgical Gown Protection

Prevention of disease transmission in patients and personnel has taken on greater significance today, as health-care professionals are continually challenged by new pathogens and multi-drug resistant organisms, as well as increased economic pressures to reduce healthcare-associated infections. The inherent nature of the perioperative practice setting places both patients and members of the surgical team at greater risk for exposure to infectious agents.

For every surgical patient, one of the expected outcomes is that he/she is free from signs and symptoms of infection. Today, the development of a Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is a common complication and represents one of the leading causes of postoperative morbidity and mortality; SSIs also may be associated with enormous additional costs for hospitals and health-care systems.

For members of the surgical team, an exposure incident can result in morbidity, lost wages and productivity, and increased costs of care. As a safety advocate, protecting patients and safeguarding perioperative team members from transmission of potentially infectious agents continue to be a primary focus of the perioperative nurse.

The appropriate use of surgical barrier materials plays a key role in reducing the risk for disease transmission. However, because the barrier quality of surgical gowns varies, perioperative personnel must select the appropriate gown based on its planned use and anticipated exposure to blood and bodily fluids.

AAMI STANDARD FOR CLASSIFICATION OF GOWNS

The AAMIPB70: 2012 – Liquid Barrier Performance and Classification of Protective Apparel and Drapes Intended for Use in Health Care Facilities establishes the minimum barrier performance requirements, a classification system, and associated labeling requirements for protective apparel intended for use in health care facilities.
TheAAMIPB70:2012 has 4 levels
Level 1 Minimal
Level 2 Low
Level 3 Moderate
Level 4 High